Not all Filipino children thrive in health, environment and future, according to landmark report released by World Health Organization (WHO), Unicef ââand The Lancet.
In the global index of the report, titled “A Future for the World’s Children?” the Philippines ranked 110th out of 180 countries with a âthrivingâ score of 0.56. This almost made the country a laggard in the Asean-5.
Singapore ranked 12th in the group with a score of 0.92; Malaysia, 44th with 0.81; Vietnam, 58th with 0.75; and Thailand, 64th with 0.75. Indonesia fell behind in the group, placing 117th with a score of 0.54.
“Despite improvements in the health of children and adolescents over the past 20 years, progress has stalled and is on the verge of being reversed,” said the former Prime Minister of New Zealand and co-chair of the Helen Clark Commission.
“Countries need to rethink their approach to child and adolescent health, to ensure that we are not just looking after our children today, but protecting the world they will inherit in the future,” he said. she added.
Based on the report, an overall score close to zero indicates very bad, 0.25 indicating bad; 0.50, neither poor nor adequate; 0.75, sufficient; and 1, good flowering.
Thrive, the Commission explained, is the geometric mean of ‘survive and thrive’. This is based on indicators taken from the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Surviving takes maternal survival into account; survival in children under five; suicide; access to maternal and child health services; basic hygiene and sanitation; and the absence of extreme poverty.
Thrive, the report said, was focused on academic success; growth and nutrition; freedom of reproduction; and protection from violence.
The Philippines was given a score of 0.55 for surviving and a score of 0.58 for thriving. The country, according to government reports, is still struggling with stunting, which affects a third of children nationwide.
The Commission on Population and Development (Popcom) has also said that teenage pregnancy is another issue where 1.2 million adolescent girls have started families in the past 10 years.
Popcom executive director Juan Antonio Perez III said women who got pregnant as a teenager tend to receive salaries at least six times lower than their peers who have completed their education and have not. had children in adolescence.
“It has been estimated that around 250 million children under five in low- and middle-income countries are at risk of falling short of their development potential, based on indirect measures of stunting and poverty. . But what is even more concerning, every child in the world now faces existential threats from climate change and commercial pressures, âsaid Clark.
Overall, the report says the health and future of every child and adolescent around the world is immediately threatened by ecological degradation, climate change and abusive marketing practices that cause children to consume fast food heavily. processed, sugary drinks, alcohol and tobacco.
The index shows that children in Norway, the Republic of Korea and the Netherlands have the best chances of survival and well-being, while children in the Central African Republic, Chad, Somalia, Niger and Mali face the worst odds.
However, when the authors took into account per capita carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, the major countries lagged behind: Norway ranked 156th; the Republic of Korea, 166th; and the Netherlands, 160th.
Each of the three emits 210% more CO2 per capita than their 2030 target. Unicef ââsaid the United States, Australia and Saudi Arabia were among the 10 worst emitters.